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Static site serves html, css, javascript and images. These files can be compressed to reduce bandwidth and speed up the website.

  1. Minify
    1. hexo-all-minifier
    2. hexo-yam
  • Compression
  • Minify

    Minify html, css, js and svg to remove characters that are not required for the code to function. This process involves removing white space/tab, line break and comments. I read somewhere that Google saves gigabytes of bandwidth just by removing line break, which surprised me how much line break alone costs when you have the popularity of Google.com.
    In Hexo, there are two approaches.

    hexo-all-minifier

    1. The easiest way is using hexo-all-minifier. Unlike most, this plugin also compress images as well. To use it, simply run the following command in your hexo folder:
      $ npm install hexo-all-minifier --save
    2. If there is any error during installation, run $ sudo apt install libpng-dev and node node_modules/optipng-bin/lib/install.js.
    3. Above command will add hexo-all-minifer to your package.json and install it.
    4. To enable it, put all_minifier: true line at _config.yml.
    5. Deploy.

    To see this in action, check out this job log. As you can see, the resulting files are around 20% smaller. However, do note that its image compression dependencies have some vulnerabilities. This can be patched using Snyk.

    hexo-yam

    Despite the convenience of hexo-all-minifier, I don’t use it due to potential vulnerability. I don’t need its image compression since the image hosting I’m currently using, Cloudinary, offers auto compression.

    So, I switch to a leaner plugin, hexo-yam. To use it, simply run the following command in your hexo folder:

    $ npm install hexo-yam --save

    and deploy.

    Compression

    Compression uses more advanced technique to reduce the file size even further. Most modern web browsers support gzip decompression and prefer it (with appropriate HTTP header). As you might know from zipping a text file, this can yield significant reduction in file size. For example, my home page index.html is less than half smaller (3.3KB > 1.2KB). Check it out here.

    Update: hexo-yam 0.5.0+ offers gzip and brotli compressions. After you install it, it will automatically compress assets files to .gz and .br whenever hexo generate/deploy/server. This means the command $ find .... as shown below is no longer required.

    1. Linux distro has built-in gzip. Install brotli through apt/dnf/yum/pacman.
    2. To compress, simply run the following commands after you generate static files ($ hexo generate), only public folder is affected,
      $ find public -type f -iregex '.*\.\(htm\|html\|txt\|text\|js\|css\)$' -execdir gzip -f --keep {} \;
      $ find public -type f -iregex '.*\.\(htm\|html\|txt\|text\|js\|css\)$' -execdir brotli -f --keep {} \;
    3. If you use CI like .gitlab-ci.yml or .travis.yml, simply add the above command under script:, after hexo generate.
    4. Deploy.